Nuclear-Free World: New Reflections on a...
Retrieved from: Amir Hossein Zamani Nia, Fatemeh Hashemi, Nuclear-Free World: New Reflections on a Nuclear-Free Zone in the Middle East, The scientific journal of strategy, 2012.
The idea of creating a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East is not a new idea and its history dates back to the 70s. Nevertheless, the security landscape in the Middle East today has led many analysts to take a fresh look at the concept.
For most of them, the potential arms race in the Middle East jeopardizes the prospects for stability and long-term balance of power in the region. Apparently Israel, Iran, and Egypt seem to be among the main players in determining the success or failure of this type of thinking over the next forty years. Lack of real progress in the Arab-Israeli conflict and international doubts about any movement on this front and also, the UN Security Council's focus on Iran's nuclear program may provide an opportunity for creative thinking and planning to advance the idea of creating a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. Overall, creating a nuclear-weapon-free zone or mass destruction in the Middle East is a difficult task.
This issue requires a gradual and step-by-step approach and also a change of views and beliefs, reassuring measures and a daring will to save future generations from the scourge of war. Those interested in this topic will submit a list that contains relevant and necessary measures for each other. It also facilitates the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. These measures include:
Measures aimed at promoting respect for the non-proliferation system and its implementation, Measures to strengthen the non-proliferation system as well as measures to strengthen nuclear disarmament and commitment of nuclear-weapon states to their commitments. It is noteworthy that progress in establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East is likely when a lasting peace can be hoped for, avoid ambition and use creativity. This measure should be taken first in the Persian Gulf region and then in other parts of the Middle East. In this regard, Iran may choose to take a more active position in the process of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone to prove the peaceful nature of its nuclear energy program.